In this lesson we will cover the diacritical mark (i.e. a mark added to a letter to indicate a special pronunciation) in the Arabic language called the Sukun. The Sukun is in the shape of a circle and is written above a letter to show that there is no vowel on the letter. Hence, we emphasise the letter by stopping in our pronunciation of it. This will require us to join letters. Although we have not covered the rules relating to joining of letters (covered in a later lesson) - we will use simple words to demonstrate the usage of the Sukun.
Please click on the words to hear how they are pronounced. This is a good opportunity for you to learn how to read basic Arabic words. Please don't worry if you find it difficult to read the words by putting the letters together. We will go over reading words in more detail later - at this stage focus on the principle of the Sukun and try your best to read the words.
Click on Letters to hear pronunciation
We will now cover the Shadda. The Shadda is a diacritical mark written above a letter to show that the letter has been doubled and therefore increases in emphasis. Once again, please don't worry if you find joining the letters and vowel-marks or reading difficult. Try your best to join the sounds and letters at this stage and pay attention to the sound of the letter which has the Shadda on it.
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